报告题目：THE ROLE OF ELECTRICTY IN THE ENERGYTRANSITION:conceptual framework and simulation facilities
报告人：Prof. Ettore BOMPARD
Ettore F. Bompard. received his Master and Ph.D. degrees in Electrical Engineering from Politecnico di Torino (Polito), Italy. In May 1997 he joined the Polito, Department of Electrical Engineering (presently Department of Energy), where he is Professor (Full) of Power System. He served as Deputy Director for International Relations of the Doctorate School and Vice-Dean for International Culture of the First School of Engineering at Polito. In 1999 and 2000, he has been Visiting Assistant Professor at the Electrical and Computer Engineering Department of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (USA), with a Fulbright scholarship for research and lecturing from US Department of State. He has been Power Systems and Critical Infrastructures Senior Scientist at the Energy Systems, Security and market Unit of the Institute for Energy and Transport of the Joint Research Center of the European Commission in Petten (Netherlands) from October 2012 to September 2014. Presently he is scientific advisor as an expert, for Directorate C “Energy, Transpor and Climate” of the DG Joint Research Center of the European Commission. He is also International expert of the Russian Science Foundation. He is Scientific co-coordinator of the GlobalReal-time Integrated Co-simulation laboratory, an initiative for a multisite network of lab connected in real time through an ICT and hardware in the loop capabilities involving EU, US and China. He is Member of the Scientific board of EC-L (Energy Center Laboratory), the multidisciplinary energy lab @PoliTO and scientific coordinator of the Energy Security Lab. He is co-director of the Energy Transition Modelling and Simulation Centre established in cooperation between Shanghai Jiao Tong University and Politecnico di Torino and Vice-Director, China Center of Politecnico di Torino (Structure of the University in charge of the relation with China with a special focus on the Belt and Road Initiative). He is Senior Fellow at the International Center for Security & Crisis Management (SCM) at the Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences.
He has been the scientific coordinator of many research projects in the framework of the Italian System Research on Power Systems, EU funded projects, Next Generation Infrastructure (Netherlands) and NATO projects. He iscoordinating research projects with industry in the area of data analytics application to electricty systems. He is coordinator of research project on electrification of energy for Enel (in cooperation with MIT) and projects on global energy interconnections for State Grid Cooperation of China. He served in many scientific advisory boards in Europe, China (e.g. Joint Doctoral Program in Electrical Engineering with Shanghai Jiao Tong University) and Russia (e.g. Russian Academy of Science). He is Editor of the IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy, Associte Editor of IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution and Associate editor of Energy Informatics. His research interests include electricity markets analysis and simulation, smart grids design and modelling, power system vulnerability assessment and security management, energy security, “science-based” support to policy decision making and data analytics applications to power systems. He co-authored more than 150 publications and book chapters on various topics related to the power systems analysis and modelling.
The climate change, the widespread of pollution and the depletion of fossil fuels prompt worldwide for an energy transition from the exploitation of fossil resources to renewable ones. The temperature of land and ocean surface increased by 0.85°C over the period 1880-2012, while the Arctic sea-ice extent decreased by 3.5÷4.1% per decade over the period 1979-2012 and the global mean sea level increased by 0.19 m over the period 1901-2010. Those effects are caused by the anthropogenic Greenhouse Gases (GHG) emissions; six countries (EU, USA, Russia, China, India and Japan) contribute for almost 70% of total CO2 emissions (32.3 Gt), with a share attributed to China of 28% (2015). Economies have carbon intensities that range from 0.18 (EU) to 0,56 (China) kgCO2/$2010 and we assist to a trend in the decarbonisation of economy. In 2015 global S02 emissions accounted for 81Mt (3 EU, 22 China), NOx for 106 Mt (7 EU, 23 China) and PM2.5 for 35 Mt (1 EU, 9 China). For GHG reduction, ambitious targets have been set. As an example in the Paris agreement 2015 (COP21), EU pledged to a 40% reduction (w.r.t. 1990) of GHG by 2030 and China to lower carbon intensity by 60÷65% from 2005 level by 2030, increase the share of non-fossil fuels in primary energy consumption to ⁓20%.
An energy transition towards the decarbonisation of energy systems is needed while pursuing the three main goals for energy: sustainability, affordability and security. One of the most interesting emerging option to achieve those goals is the “electrification of energy”. This can happen implementing what we call the “electricity triangle” in which generation is mainly from Renewable Energy Sources (RES), the main commodity for transferring energy is electricity and the final energy uses are almost fully electrified.
This electrification may be implemented following two extremes reference paradigms: large interconnections or microgrids. The first refers to few large scale centralised power production plants from RES interconnected to the electrified finale uses by HV/UHV DC or AC transmission lines and has a global scale (potentially worldwide) while the second exploits small scale distributed RES interconnected with loads on MV/LV distributed networks on a local scale.
The vision for the first paradigm is well implement in the Global Energy Interconnections (GEI) introduced by Chinese President Xi Jinping at the UN Sustainable Development Summit in September 2015. GEI are based on Clean electricity generated in Arctic (wind) and equatorial regions (solar) and delivered to the main consumption areas (Asia, U.S., EU, etc.) though long-distance connections (2000÷5000 km) at UHVDC voltage levels (±800kV/ ±1100kV DC), based on voltage-source converters. GEI could provide an energy backbone for the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) by transmitting RES energies from (into) the countries along the Road, being a candidate to represent the energy dimension of the BRI (involving more than 60 countries in Asia, Africa, Middle East and Europe, 4.4 billion people - about 62% of world population, 23000 billion $ of GDP - about 30% of the global GDP). State Grid Corporation of China foresees investments for 50 trillion of US$ for the GEI.
The GEI challenge prompts for new ways of modelling and simulation the worldwide electricity infrastructure along with its social, environmental and economic interrelation and impacts. The development of real time platforms for power system modelling and simulation and a newly proposed architecture based on multisite real time co-simulation will allow for a worldwide alliance of labs, connected in a network through ICT tunnelling, that can pool together expertise, datasets and HW/SW facility, in different locations around the world, doing synchronous experiments and analyses and building effectively common knowledge and trust. The newly established Energy Transition Modelling and Simulation Centre, by Shanghai Jiao Tong University (China) and Politecnico di Torino (Italy) is actively addressing the issues outlined, though an integrated Sino-Italian lab based on real time co-simulation platform with ICT tunnelling between China and Italy.